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't Hooft's research interest can be divided in three main directions: 'gauge theories in elementary particle physics', 'quantum gravity and black holes', and 'foundational aspects of quantum mechanics'.'t Hooft is most famous for his contributions to the development of gauge theories in particle physics.When his primary school teacher asked him what he wanted to be when he grew up, he boldly declared, "a man who knows everything." After primary school Gerard attended the Dalton Lyceum, a school that applied the ideas of the Dalton Plan, an educational method that suited him well.He easily passed his science and mathematics courses, but struggled with his language courses.In this time he became interested in the possibility that the strong interaction could be described as a massless Yang–Mills theory, i.e.one of a type that he had just proved to be renormalizable and hence be susceptible to detailed calculation and comparison with experiment.Five years later he received the Lorentz Medal, awarded every four years in recognition of the most important contributions in theoretical physics.
This was contrary to popular perception of Yang–Mills theories at the time, that like gravitation and electrodynamics, their intensity should decrease with increasing distance between the interacting particles; such conventional behaviour with distance was unable to explain the results of deep inelastic scattering, whereas Hooft's calculations could.Because he was so focused on science, his father insisted that he join the Utrechtsch Studenten Corps, an elite student association, in the hope that he would do something else besides studying.This worked to some extent, during his studies he was a coxswain with their rowing club "Triton" and organized a national congress for science students with their science discussion club "Christiaan Huygens".; born July 5, 1946) is a Dutch theoretical physicist and professor at Utrecht University, the Netherlands.He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Martinus J. Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions".